If you are an interior designer, architecture, or construction enthusiast, you must have heard of a floor plan. The term is quite common and is part of any architectural or interior design project. Nevertheless, what is a floor plan anyway? The floor plan is a basic document prepared by the architect to represent the layout of a house or a certain environment. With floor plan apps, it is possible to visualize how all the rooms are interconnected, the arrangement of the furniture and other aspects.
It may seem a little complex for those who are not familiar with the subject, but we assure you that it is not. With that in mind, we have gathered the main information for you to understand what a floor plan is.
Floor plan – Understand First
A floor plan is a technical drawing that shows the walls and rooms of a structure as seen from above in 2D. The representation is made from an imaginary cut at a height of 1.50 m from the floor. This measure is used because it is able to cover the openings of doors and windows. The floor plan can represent an entire building, a floor of a building, or a single room. The drawing is one of the most important documents of an architectural project and is essential for designing or building a house. Thanks to the Foyr Neo 3D floor plan creator, it is now possible to draw a floor plan without any mistake.
A floor plan contains the following elements –
Dimension lines: Represent the measurements of lengths and widths of each item in reality. For example, the size of a window, room dimensions, etc.
Scale: Walls, doors and windows are represented to scale on the floor plan. This means that each drawn item follows a proportion to the actual size. Today, the most common scales are 1:50 and 1:100 for residential projects. On a 1:50 scale, every very inch of the floor plan will be 50 times smaller than reality.
Floor plan with layout: It can include doors, windows, stairs, cabinets, appliances, and so on.
What is the floor plan for anyway?
The floor plan is considered a mandatory document of any building. Thus, municipal governments require the floor plan to grant the construction permit. In addition, the floor plan has other practical features for architects and builders, including –
- Show a clear notion of the division between spaces. This is essentially useful to help design furniture layouts, wiring systems, and more.
- It allows a wide possibility to experiment with different design alternatives for the flow of people around the place.
- It helps make necessary changes before proceeding to elaborate planning or construction phases.
- It serves as a basis for the elaboration of other complementary projects, such as electrical, hydraulic, structural, etc.
The blueprint is an important technical drawing for carrying out the construction of a house, let’s say that it is basically part of an instruction manual that the mason or builder will look at to carry out the work.